- Children who witness violence at home display emotional and behavioral
disturbances as diverse as withdrawal, low self-esteem, nightmares,
and aggression against peers, family members and property. (Peled,
Inat, Jaffe, Peter G. & Edleson, Jeffrey L. (Eds.) Ending the Cycle
of Violence: Community Responses to Children of Battered Women. Thousand
Oaks, California: Sage Publications, 1995.)
- Over 3 million children are at risk of exposure to parental violence
each year. (Carlson, B.E. "Children's Observations of Interparental
Violence" in Edwards, A.R. (ed.). Battered Women and Their Families.
New York: Springer. pp. 147-167. 1984).
- In a national survey of over 6,000 American families, 50% of the men
who frequently assaulted their wives also frequently abused their children.
(Straus, M.A. & Gelles, R.J. (eds.). Physical violence in American
families. New Brunswick, NJ, Transaction Publishers. 1990.)
- In 1995, the FBI reported that 27% of all violent crime involves family
on family violence, 48% involved acquaintances with the violence often
occurring in the home (National Incident-Based Reporting System,
Uniform Crime Reporting Program, 1999).
- Straus and Gelles (1996) have estimated that over 29 million children
commit an act of violence against a sibling each year. (Straus, M.
& Gelles, R. 1998. How violent are American families: estimates
from the national family violence survey and other studies. In: Family
Abuse and Its Consequences: New Directions in Research (G. Hotaling
et al., Eds))
- Studies show that child abuse occurs in 30-60% of family violence
cases that involve families with children. ("The overlap between
child maltreatment and woman battering." J.L. Edleson, Violence
Against Women, February, 1999.)